Some of these differences should help demonstrate which one is the the true and faithful church. After the death and resurrection of Jesus, our doctrines, practices, policies and traditions have their roots in the original Jerusalem church (Acts 2, c. D.), as well as through the faithful in Antioch & Asia Minor in the first (such as the Apostles Peter, Paul, and John) and second centuries A. (such leaders as Polycarp, Thaseas, Serapion, and Polycrates). Commandment 8 "For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts...thefts... But I say to you, do not swear at all" (Matthew -34). Commandment 10 "Do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink, nor about your body, what you will put on" (Matthew ). These are the things which defile a man" (Matthew -20). All these evil things come from within and defile a man" (Mark -23). Notice that even into the 21st century, the Church of God has retained the order of the ten commandments that was even recognized by Catholic-accepted leaders such as Clement of Alexandria and Origen (both of whom were praised by Pope Benedict XVI in 2007). Thus, Jesus Christ declares (Matthew ): "And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but he that shall speak against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, nor in the world to come"... If a man depart this life with lighter faults, he is condemned to fire which burns away the lighter materials, and prepares the soul for the kingdom of God, where nothing defiled may enter. Now the COG does not teach limbo or purgatory per se (see below), yet both the Roman Catholics and the COG believe that God does have a plan for those that are not incorrigibly wicked, other than eternal torment. And to this day neither has it right — because they forsook the instructions of Christ and His apostles (Mc Nair C. For more information on them, see also Is Lent a Christian Holiday? The doctrine of the Catholic Church concerning the Holy Ghost forms an integral part of her teaching on the mystery of the Holy Trinity, of which St. While corroborating and explaining the testimony of Scripture, (Forget J. This, sadly, will be part of the reason that Jesus' prophecy in Matthew will be fulfilled: An article of tremendous related interest may be Catholic Prophecies: Will You Stand By the Truth or Be Deceived? There is no doubt that this turn of events did much towards weaning the Christians from the old millenarianism (Kirsch J. Amongst these he says that there will be a millennium after the resurrection from the dead, when the personal reign of Christ will be established on this earth (Fragments of Papias, VI).Even though Eastern Orthodox and others consider themselves Catholics, for this article, Roman Catholics are defined as those supporting the Roman Catholic Church (which is why the term "Roman" is used). Many of whose followers went throughout the world establishing congregations through the ages. These are the things which defile a man" (Matthew -20). "It is written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer', but you have made it a den of thieves" (Matthew ). All these evil things come from within and defile a man" (Mark -23). "For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts...false witness... Perhaps it should be mentioned here that Jesus condemned the Pharisees of His day for lawlessness and hypocrisy (Matthew ), essentially because they changed how the ten commandments should be kept because of their traditions (Matthew 15:3-6). "For if on the foundation of Christ you have built not only gold and silver and precious stones (1 Corinthians 3); but also wood and hay and stubble, what do you expect when the soul shall be separated from the body? And both groups, when they refer to the Bible, tend to refer to the same basic passages for support (though we in real COG consider that the world to come is AFTER the second resurrection and the Roman Catholics seem to feel that it is a world that exists now and comes immediately after death--though they believe it is a future world as well--but basically the COG teaches that at a time in the future, all who are alive will be offered salvation and that many will accept it--the Catholics do not seem to have a similar plan for those that are dead prior to that other than purgatory). The Holy Spirit This is an area of major difference, although the earliest writings suggest that both groups originally held the same or similar positions. Augustine (De Trin., I, iii, 5), speaking with diffidence, says: "In no other subject is the danger of erring so great, or the progress so difficult, or the fruit of a careful study so appreciable". (but it has not yet been completed, check back later please). In like manner, [He said] that a grain of wheat would produce ten thousand ears, and that every ear would have ten thousand grains, and every grain would yield ten pounds of clear, pure, fine flour; and that apples, and seeds, and grass would produce in similar proportions; and that all animals, feeding then only on the productions of the earth, would become peaceable and harmonious, and be in perfect subjection to man." [Testimony is borne to these things in writing by Papias, an ancient man, who was a hearer of John and a friend of Polycarp, in the fourth of his books; for five books were composed by him...] (Fragments of Papias, IV). As a young man, Polycarp had been a personal disciple of John and had observed the Passover with him on several occasions. The preserved history of the Sabbath-keeping Church of God has been almost entirely written by its enemies who viewed it as heretical (Ogwyn J. Throughout Christian history, the true church has normally used a version of the expression “Church of God” (or Church of Christ, cf. Zenit, October 15, 2015 Truth, and not what is "merely fashionable," must guide Christians as they enter into dialogue with those who hold different philosophies or religious beliefs, Pope Benedict XVI said..."People were created by God, who is truth, in order to find truth and not to settle for "the myths of custom, cultural habits or the fashion of the moment," he said. Contend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3, NKJV), Let brotherly love (Philadelphia) continue (Hebrews 13:1)…continuing stedfastly in the teaching of the apostles (Acts YLT)... The combination "the Catholic Church" (he katholike ekklesia) is found for the first time in the letter of St. But by the fourth century, Catholic became recognized as the name for what we know commonly know as the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches--even though they no longer held to the practices of the Smyrnaeans that Ignatius wrote to, when he used it originally. Nor is there any indication that the true Church should be forever based out of a single city or from Rome... But contrariwise when they had seen that to me was committed the Gospel of the prepuce, as to Peter of the circumcision 8. Still others..called 'Quartodecimans", because they wanted Easter to always be on the quartodecima die, the fourteenth day, of the Jewish month of Nisan, when Passover is. In fact, whole segments of Christianity split with the Church over this issue (Johnson, Kevin Orlin. To these things all the Asiatic Churches testify, as do also those men who have succeeded Polycarp down to the present time (Irenaeus. Book III, Chapter 4, Verse 3 and Chapter 3, Verse 4). More about the practices of the Smyrnaeans is included in the article Location of the Early Church: Another Look at Ephesus, Smyrna, and Rome. Sabbath-keeping in Asia Minor was publicly still going on to at least 364 A. or else the Eastern Church would not have convened a Council in Laodicea to excommunicate any who rested on the seventh day as it declared, CANON XXIX. We must come to God acknowledging our sin with no excuses, and recognizing our utter lack of self-sufficiency to transform ourselves. It is true that Catholics do not think that revelation ended with what is in the New Testament. John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York ) In other words, even the rosary, one of the foundations of Catholic living, is admitted to have entered the Catholic world through "private revelation"--a tradition outside the Bible (the rosary "revelation" was supposedly given to "St. As commonly divided, it is a collection of 66 books, with 39 from the Hebrew scriptures (The Old Testament Canon) and 27 from the Greek Scriptures (The New Testament Canon). II, Question lxxi), and was adopted by the Council of Trent... This is the first and the great commandment" (Matthew ). (A Treatise concerning Antichrist, Purgatory, the Invocation of Saints, and the Sacraments" as shown in Jones, William. Thus if the Roman position is true, it would seem to contradict Jesus’ teaching, as it would seem to be easier for a rich man/woman to get into heaven than a poor one who could not have as much almsgiving on his/her behalf. But even if all these facts did not exist, your own sagacity would prompt you to watch with diligence and with prayer, lest your pure minds should appear to share in the customs of a people so utterly depraved. A priest may say only one Mass each day, except that on Christmas Day he may say three (Adrian Fortescue. It seems that the form differed but little from what it is in our day. Unclean Meats Now the law has figuratively predicted all these, delineating man by the [various] animals: whatsoever of these, says [the Scripture], have a double hoof and ruminate, it proclaims as clean; but whatsoever of them do not possess one or other of these [properties], it sets aside by themselves as unclean... The "Liber Pontificalis" ascribes to Pope Eleutherius a decree that no kind of food should be despised by Christians (Et hoc iterum firmavit ut nulla esca a Christians repudiaretur, maxime fidelibus, quod Deus creavit, quæ tamen rationalis et humana est). In the flux of history, the papacy has been, not a mere spectator, but a major player. The Apostle Paul taught “we are ambassadors for Christ” (2 Corinthians ; Ephesians ). Therefore they must be slain by Antichrist (Victorinus. And I will grant my two witnesses power to prophesy for one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth. This prince shall extend his dominion over the total universe. The next faithful leader in Asia Minor..Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna. The true Church, symbolized by a woman in Revelation 12, was forced to flee into the wilderness..true Church’s history is not about one continuous human organization. The predominant biblical name of the true Church in the New Testament is “Church of God.” Variants of this expression are clearly stated singular and plural forms in twelve different places in the New Testament (Acts ; 1 Corinthians 1:2; ; ,22; ;15:9; 2 Corinthians 1:1; Galatians ; 1 Thessalonians ; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; 1 Timothy 3:5,15). Synod Turns to More Tough Issues At Press Briefing, a Reminder That “Church Has No Authority or Power to Change the Word of God”. Thus we meet such phrases as the "the catholic resurrection" (Justin Martyr), "the catholic goodness of God" (Tertullian), "the four catholic winds" (Irenaeus), where we should now speak of "the general resurrection", "the absolute or universal goodness of God", "the four principal winds", etc... The term universal or "Catholic" was not in the Bible or shown in early writings to be the name of the true Church, simply a description of one aspect of it. That the terms bishop and presbyter are synonymous is evident from Titus 1:5-7: "I left thee in Crete, that thou shouldest . However, he was only one of 12 original apostles, and there is nothing in scripture that suggests that the place of his death (which is not known as a certainty) should become the permanent headquarters for the true church. But Polycarp also was not only instructed by apostles, and conversed with many who had seen Christ, but was also, by apostles in Asia, appointed bishop of the Church in Smyrna…always taught the things which he had learned from the apostles, and which the Church has handed down, and which alone are true. The Roman Catholics do not keep various practices of the faithful Smyrnaeans such as Passover on the 14th or the days of unleavened bread. Pentecost (Jewish Feast) The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XI. Since Asia Minor (including Smyrna) was a Gentile area, the terms preparation and Sabbath would not have been relevant. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series One, Volume 1. The Bible defines sin for us by telling us in 1 John 3:4: "To commit sin is to break God's law: sin, in fact, is lawlessness" (NEB). Paul explained in Romans 7:7 that he would have had no way of knowing that lust was a sin except that the law, the Tenth Commandment, said, "You shall not covet." Repentance involves a mindset of unconditional surrender to God of our life and our will. THE HOLY BIBLE The Holy Bible is the inspired Word of God. Augustine (fifth century) in his book of "Questions of Exodus" ("Quæstionum in Heptateuchum libri VII", Bk. "You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. He seduces the people from Christ, drawing off their minds from seeking those blessings in him, by a lively faith in God, in Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Spirit, and teaching his followers to expect them by the *will and pleasure and works of Antichrist. Yet, the Roman Church indicates that giving money on behalf of the dead helps them. There is a heaven, i.e., God will bestow happiness and the richest gifts on all those who depart this life free from original sin and personal mortal sin, and who are, consequently, in the state of justice and friendship with God (Hontheim, Joseph. Further, it is quite likely that the mention of the Blessed Virgin in the intercessions of the diptychs of the liturgy goes back to the days before the Council of Nicaea, but we have no definite evidence upon the point, and the same must be said of any form of direct invocation, even for purposes of private devotion (Herbert Thurston. Inasmuch, then, as the Church offers with single-mindedness, her gift is justly reckoned a pure sacrifice with God..bread over which thanks have been given is the body of their Lord, and the cup His blood (Irenaeus. "For we could never tolerate celebrating the Passover twice in one year. The Mass is the complex of prayers and ceremonies that make up the service of the Eucharist in the Latin rites... For a time the Saint was denounced as a heretic and the symbol regarded as idolatrous...(Cruz JC. (1 Corinthians -24, Douay-Rheims) ..first Christians...simply used the bread that served as food. For as the pomegranate, with the rind containing it, has within it many cells and compartments which are separated by tissues, and has also many seeds dwelling in it, so the whole creation is contained by the spirit of God, and the containing spirit is along with the creation contained by the hand of God (Theophilus of Antioch. Wicked angels who followed Satan are in chains of darkness, imprisoned for their own folly (Jude 6). Read it: "When once the long suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing ...." That's when Jesus preached to the spirits or wicked angels — in the days of Noah, not during the time He was dead and buried in the grave! Not only is this not taught in the Bible, it is a violation of the sign Jesus said would prove His Messiahship in Matthew . March 21, 2015) As neither group teaches that Jonah descended to Hades to preach to humans, this is something that should not be taught, though this descent doctrine is taught as dogma by the Church of Rome. He also decreed that no kind of food in common use should be rejected especially by the Christian faithful, inasmuch as God created it; provided it was a rational food and fit for human kind (Book of the Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis) 2nd edition. Liverpool University Press - Translated Texts for Historians, Liverpool, 2001, p.17). Also, in another sense, standing in the presence of the lord of the earth, that is, in the presence of Antichrist. , and in a special way France, and in France especially the provinces of the north, of the east, and above all that of Lorraine and Champagne, shall have been laid waste by the greatest miseries and trials, then the provinces shall be comforted by a prince who had been exiled in his youth, and who shall recover the crown of the lilies. Since the true Church of God has continued from the time of the original apostles, the name Church of God also specifically traces its history from the original apostles like Peter, Paul, and John through through their faithful descendants like Polycarp, Polycrates, and certain other known early leaders/bishops in Asia Minor until the early third century, certain known leaders/bishops until around 135 A. An interesting fact is that many prominent Roman Catholic Church scholars contend that statements implying that there were actual bishops of Rome who succeeded Peter are inaccurate as there were no leaders who held the title "Bishop of Rome" until about 80-90 years after Peter died (an article of related interest may be What Do Roman Catholic Scholars Actually Teach About Early Church History? It should be noted that neither the Roman Catholic Church or COG believe that their respective members are the only ones part of the Christian Church. The Bible clearly shows that Jesus walks in the midst of these seven churches (Revelation 1:9-13), showing that somehow they represent His church for the church age. Though in these days the Christians still availed themselves of the Temple services, yet from the first the brotherhood of Christ formed a society essentially distinct from the synagogue. Peter bids his hearers accept baptism is none other than that they may "save themselves from this unbelieving generation". IT IS AN ABSOLUTE FACT THAT PETER WAS NOT THE BISHOP OF ROME BEGINNING WITH THE START OF THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH that began on the Pentecost after Jesus was resurrected (Acts 1-2). Electronic version copyright © 1997 by New Advent, Inc). 69–155AD) had been a personal disciple of the Apostle John and was one of the few church leaders of his day to hold fast to the Truth... the synagogues of the East, which is called the sect of the Minei, and is even now condemned by the Pharisees. Specifically real COG, like Ignatius, believes that it has the power to forgive those who strayed from the truth to come back to church services. The The Council, as is evident, held that there are Divine traditions not contained in Holy Scripture, revelations made to the Apostles either orally by Jesus Christ or by the inspiration of the Holy Ghost and transmitted by the Apostles to the Church. Public (or universal) revelation is that revelation contained in the Sacred Scrpture and Sacred Tradition transmitted by the Church. Other orders and numerous religious congregations (both male and female) have also adopted the scapular from the monastic orders. Description It consists essentially of a piece of cloth about the width of the breast from one shoulder to the other (i.e. "God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth" (John ). Concerning the relatives of our saviour.) The resurrection is first, and afterwards the kingdom. But I should state that the oldest early painting in a catacomb I am aware of has a woman, Priscilla, presiding over the ceremony, so the Church of Rome may wish to be careful about relying on that as they do not allow women to do that. Justly, therefore, did the apostle call all such "carnal" (Irenaeus. Hence, it is clear that well into the second century, the laws concerning clean and unclean meats were considered to have been in force for Christians. However, Christians are expected to listen to (and pray for, 1 Timothy 2:1-3) governmental authorities (1 Peter -17) and pay their taxes (Matthew -21), yet if there is a conflict between the laws of men and the laws of God, “We must obey God rather than any human authority” (Acts , NLT). But we, deeming that to see a man put to death is much the same as killing him, have abjured such spectacles (Athenagoras. That these are Moses and Elijah figures is evident in their powers. Does this mean a literal 1260 day, or 3 ½ years, or does each day symbolize a year, meaning actually 1260 years? In each case the "day for a year" involves Israel's PUNISHMENT only. Therefore we think a literal interpretation of 3½ years for their "prophesying" the more logical in this case. JOANNES MABILLON, OF THE BENEDICTINE CONGREGATION OF S. Many nations and their princes that are living in error and impiety [at that time] shall be converted, and an admirable peace shall reign among men during many years, because the wrath of God shall be appeased through their repentance, penance, and good works. Jesus said that Christians would be kept in His Father’s name (John ), which most often is simply “God” in the New Testament, hence “Church of God.” The most faithful Church of God in the end times in the Book of Revelation is the Philadelphian one, but since only a remnant of that is left, the term Philadelphia remnant Church of God is an appropriate description of the portion of the Church of God that holds fast to Philadelphia era teachings. The COG teaches that the Bible shows that the Church, while always existing, will be in the wilderness for a time (Revelation 12:6) and does not have a continuing city (Hebrews ), hence although the true Church itself would continue, it would not always clearly visible, nor could it be in one city for multiple centuries. And while most professing Christian faiths claim to have the faith of Jesus and His original apostles, many do not know what the original apostles or their faithful successors actually believed. Polycarp, xvi), a phrase which necessarily presupposes a more technical use of the word, is due, some critics think, to interpolation...(Thurston H. The means of salvation which he indicates is baptism; and by baptism his converts are aggregated to the society of disciples (ii, 41). If Peter, and he alone, had the keys, the fact that, according to Peter pursued his Apostolic labours in various districts of Asia Minor" shows that PETER COULD NOT HAVE BEEN THE BISHOP OF ROME FOR MUCH OF THE TIME THAT HE "HAD THE KEYS"! Wilfried replied, 'Far be it from me to charge John with foolishness: he literally observed the decrees of the Mosaic law when the Church was still Jewish in many respects, at a time when the apostles were unable to bring a sudden end to that law which God ordained…So John, in accordance with the custom of the law, began the celebration of Easter Day in the evening of the fourteenth day of the first month, regardless of whether it fell on the sabbath or any other day.' (Bede (Monk). Excerpted from Volume I of The Ante-Nicene Fathers (Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, editors); American Edition copyright © 1885. He it was who, coming to Rome in the time of Anicetus caused many to turn away from the aforesaid heretics to the Church of God, proclaiming that he had received this one and sole truth from the apostles...(Irenaeus. Perhaps some heretics may claim Apostolic antiquity: we reply: Let them publish the origins of their churches and unroll the catalogue of their bishops till now from the Apostles or from some bishop appointed by the Apostles, as the Smyrnaeans count from Polycarp and John, and the Romans from Clement and Peter; let heretics invent something to match this (Tertullian. ..believing Jews do well in observing the precepts of the law, i.e....keeping the Jewish Sabbath…there exists a sect among… Although 'The Catholic Encyclopedia' cited Ignatius and others as early proof of confession and penance, Ignatius' own position is essentially the same one that is held by the Church of God. 151) The Catholic Church teaches us that divine revelation is of two kinds. The Brown Scapular Some in the Church of Rome revere something called the brown scapular. The scapular (from Latin, scapula, shoulder) forms a part, and now the most important part, of the habit of the monastic orders. "You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve" (Luke 4:8). The original true Church of God has never taught the doctrine of purgatory, but has instead taught the apocatastasis’ teaching that salvation would be to all who ever lived (for more information on this important topic, please see the article titled Universal Offer of Salvation: There Are Hundreds of Verses in the Bible Supporting the Doctrine of True Apocatastasis). For if you have fallen in with some who are called Christians, but who do not admit this [truth], and venture to blaspheme the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob; who say there is no resurrection of the dead, and that their souls, when they die, are taken to heaven; do not imagine that they are Christians (Dialogue. Being then asked concerning Christ and His kingdom, what was its nature, and when and where it was to appear, they returned answer that it was not of this world, nor of the earth, but belonging to the sphere of heaven and angels, and would make its appearance at the end of time, when He shall come in glory, and judge living and dead, and render to every one according to the course of his life (Hegesippus. ( Notice the article basically says that the practice of the first Christians, which is consistent with the Bible, was to use normal loaves of bread that resemble what is still in use today. (The article never says where the round host actually came from, other than it was first mentioned in writing in the fourth century by Epiphanius and that earlier paintings in catacombs and bas-reliefs showed something like that. " For men of this stamp do indeed say that they believe in the Father and the Son, but they never meditate as they should upon the things of God, neither are they adorned with works of righteousness; but, as I have already observed, they have adopted the lives of swine and of dogs, giving themselves over to filthiness, to gluttony, and recklessness of all sorts. Now, I should add that the Liber Pontificalis was composed in the fifth/sixth centuries and has a reputation, even amongst Roman Catholic scholars, for arbitrarily assigning events with certain "popes" (some of this is documented in the article What Does Rome Actually Teach About Early Church History? It would seem, however, that this could not have been assigned any earlier than Eleutherius because of Irenaeus' writings. Thus, historically, the Church of God has taught that its members not participate in secular juries and secular politics. What man of sound mind, therefore, will affirm, while such is our character, that we are murderers? Who does not reckon among the things of greatest interest the contests of gladiators and wild beasts, especially those which are given by you? Catechetical Lectures, Lecture 12, On the words Incarnate, and Made Man. They have power to shut the sky, that no rain may fall during the days of their prophesying, and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to smite the earth with every plague, as often as they desire. 1st, they "prophesy" or preach a final warning to the world during "1260 days." (Verse 3). Now these two "witnesses" END their "1260 days" prophesying AFTER the "times" of Israel's and Judah's punishment have ended. BERNARD, ABBOT OF CLAIRVAUX TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH FROM THE EDITION OF DOM. This great Monarch shall assist the Pope in the reformation of the whole earth.
The term Catholic is not intended to convey the Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, or other non-Roman Catholic churches, though in some early writings cited (prior to 200 A. 2104 "All men are bound to seek the truth, especially in what concerns God and his Church, and to embrace it and hold on to it as they come to know it." (Catechism of the Catholic Church. The Original and True Church Both the Roman Catholic Church and COG teach that they are the original and true Church, but because of their many differences, only one still could be. The Church has ever seen in the occupant of the See of Rome the successor of Peter in the supreme pastorate (Joyce G. And of course, there is no legitimate type of apostolic succession without that. C., some such belief finds repeated expression; and New Testament references to the subject remove all doubt as to the current Jewish belief in the time of Christ Whatever name may be used in apocryphal Jewish literature to designate the abode of the departed just, the implication generally is In the New Testament, Christ refers by various names and figures to the place or state which Catholic tradition has agreed to call the limbus patrum... It is probable, however, and more in keeping with the statements of holy men and the revelations made to many, that there is a twofold place of Purgatory. And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them.
Since many equate size to God's favor, they may improperly understand which of these churches is the true and faithful one. Which group best holds to the original teachings of the Christian faith? The Nicene Creed fittingly noted four marks of the True Church: one, holy, Catholic, and apostolic. Archdiocese of Washington, June 4, 2015 accessed 06/05/15) Contend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3, NKJV), Let brotherly love (Philadelphia) continue (Hebrews 13:1)…continuing stedfastly in the teaching of the apostles (Acts YLT). "You know the commandments: Do not commit adultery" (Luke ). And Jesus said to her...'sin no more'" (John 8:4,11). It should be noted that the current Pope, Benedict XVI, has re-looked into the doctrine of Limbo--and he questions it. Some stress too has been laid upon the objection that the ancient Christians had no clear conception of purgatory, and that they thought that the souls departed remained in uncertainty of salvation to the last day... We in the COG believe that the Bible teaches the idea that God has a plan that will give the non-elect an opportunity for salvation after this present age. The rabbit is a pagan symbol and has always been an emblem of fertility (Simrock, Mythologie, 551)... This was unacceptable to the Gentiles who later embraced Christianity, and who wished to continue with their Easter celebration. While both groups know the truth about Easter being a cross between a pagan holiday and Passover, only the COG continues to keep the biblical Passover. Actually, it is differences in the prophetic understandings of both groups that will have the most immediate negative effects on humankind in the very near future. And again He says, "Whosoever shall have left lands, or houses, or parents, or brethren, or children because of Me, he shall receive in this world an hundred-fold, and in that to come he shall inherit eternal life." For what are the hundred-fold [rewards] in this word, the entertainments given to the poor, and the suppers for which a return is made? Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses be without men, and the earth be left a desert. The poet Commodian (Instructiones, 41, 42, 44) as well as Lactantius (Institutiones, VII) proclaim the millennial realm and describe its splendour... In the early second century, Papias, who was a hearer of John and a friend of Polycarp (and is considered to have been a saint by Roman Catholics), in the second century, also taught about the millennial reign.
While both groups publicly provide doctrinal and historical materials, relatively few (if any) have attempted to do a detailed comparison of the two groups, especially in the 21st century. This fairly long article will attempt to highlight some of the major similarities and dissimilarities between the Roman Catholic Church and the genuine Church of God --with a focus on the early beliefs of those who professed Christianity. These marks identify four essential qualities and characteristics of the Church that distinguish the True Church from any false claimants. Church of God, which attempts to represent the most faithful remnant of the Philadelphia portion of the Church of God, bases its beliefs on the Holy Bible. "Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation" (Revelation ). Commandment 9 "Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord. "And you have tested those who say they are apostles and are not, and have found them liars" (Revelation 2:2). 09/04/13) It does not seem logical that a statement in the middle of the tenth commandment could be made as a commandment separate from the rest of that statement. The Vatican put out a paper "The Hope of Salvation for Infants Who Die Without Being Baptized" in April 2007 that essentially explains that God probably has a better plan than Limbo (some pontiffs in the past--Gregory I, Innocent I, Gelasius I--have suggested worse plans for infants, see De Rosa, p. There are several passages in the New Testament that point to a process of purification after death. It should be noted that the Catholic Saint Irenaeus taught that Adam and others still had a chance for eternal life--more information can be found in the article Hope of Salvation: How the Church of God Differs from Protestantism. The Easter Fire The Easter Fire is lit on the top of mountains (Easter mountain, Osterberg) and must be kindled from new fire, drawn from wood by friction (nodfyr); this is a custom of pagan origin in vogue all over Europe, signifying the victory of spring over winter (Holweck F. To this day there is a dispute between Eastern Orthodox Christians and Western Christianity. Also the COG does not observe Lent nor Ash Wedneday as they were not original practices of the church. If the COG is correct (and the Bible is on the COG's side here), then those that rely more on tradition (the Roman Catholic Church acceptance of non-godly private prophecies and writings of its "Fathers") will be supporting the Beast power that the Bible warns against. These are [to take place] in the times of the kingdom, that is, upon the seventh day, which has been sanctified, in which God rested from all the works which He created, which is the true Sabbath of the righteous, which they shall not be engaged in any earthly occupation; but shall have a table at hand prepared for them by God, supplying them with all sorts of dishes (Irenaeus. And after these things the LORD shall remove us men far away (longe nos faciet Deus homines), and those who shall remain shall multiply upon the earth." Then Daniel also says this very thing: "And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of those under the heaven, is given to the saints of the Most High God, whose kingdom is everlasting, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him." And lest the promise named should be understood as referring to this time, it was declared to the prophet: "And come thou, and stand in thy lot at the consummation of the days." Now, that the promises were not announced to the prophets and the fathers alone, but to the Churches united to these from the nations (Irenaeus. Moreover, the attitude of the Church towards the secular power had undergone a change with closer connection between her and the Roman empire. One early source taught this about Papias: It may also be worth while to add to the statements of Papias already given...
PAUL called to be an Apostle of JESUS Christ, by the will of God, and Sothenes a brother, To the Church of God that is at Corinth, to the sanctified in Christ JESUS, called to be saints, with all that invocate the name of our Lord JESUS Christ in every place of theirs and ours (1 Corinthians 1:2, St. Related to Peter, a major difference between the two churches is that the Roman Church claims Peter died in Rome and placed Linus in charge to succeed him, and that the true church would be traced through Rome. Polycarp became prominent during the first couple of decades of the second century. apparations and locutions with or without prophecies) are those which have been recorded since the days of Christ. Commandment 3 "Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men" (Matthew ). It is to be borne in mind, however, that certain beings who fell away from that one beginning of which we have spoken, have sunk to such a depth of unworthiness and wickedness as to be deemed altogether undeserving of that training and instruction by which the human race, while in the flesh, are trained and instructed with the assistance of the heavenly powers; and continue, on the contrary, in a state of enmity and opposition to those who are receiving this instruction and teaching. Paul be fulfilled: Deus erit omnia in omnibus (1 Corinthians ), which means that evil shall, ultimately, have an end, since, if God be all in all, there is no longer any place for evil (cols. Gregory of Nyssa, but is taken from Origen, who seems at times reluctant to decide concerning the question of the eternity of punishment... While the Church later rejected some of his opinions, there can be no doubt about Origen's intentions to remain faithful to the apostolic tradition (Sullivan F. From Apostles to Bishops: The Development of the Episcopacy in the Early Church. But “if they fail to respond in thought, word and deed to that grace, not only shall they not be saved, but they shall be the more severely judged.” What about non-Christians? If he was driven away from the church by nasty Christians, he may never truly have understood Jesus. This “good news” includes the truth that God will ultimately of Salvation: There Are Hundreds of Verses in the Bible Supporting the Doctrine of True Apocatastasis)... Instead, it is a round host that the says can/should be worshipped and adored (CCC #1378, p. Yet, there is no indication that the early Christians or the apostles did anything like that. Since Clement of Alexandria apparently was familiar with his writings and perhaps practices, it may be that it was at least partially from Marcus' influence that certain eucharistic practices were adopted... For more on the development of the host and other related matters, please see the article Marcus, the Marcosians, & Mithraism: Developers of the Eucharist? Howbeit you should know that as long as the primitive church retained its perfection unbroken, this observance of Lent did not exist (Cassian John. (day of ashes) which it bears in the Roman Missal is found in the earliest existing copies of the Gregorian Sacramentary and probably dates from at least the eighth century (Ash Wednesday. Thus, the Roman Catholics admit that the name Easter is the name of a pagan goddess, many of its practices are of pagan origin, and that the churches in Asia Minor (which they call the Orient) continued to observe Passover on the date that the Jews did, Nisan 14. Furthermore, they have tended to use world leaders to enforce their practices. And for these the witnesses take their seats, and the boxers meet in single combat, for no reason whatever, nor does any one come down into the arena to succour. Therefore it seems that the most logical identification of the Two Witnesses is the one generally accepted -- Moses and Elijah. Malachi says (4:5) Elijah shall come BEFORE the "Day of the Lord," and they probably will BEGIN their ministry before the "Day of the Lord" commences. In a sense, John the Baptist was Elijah fulfilling the prophecy of Mal. John the Baptist was NOT Elijah, as he plainly said, yet he came in the power and spirit of Elijah, and in that sense he was Elijah. The city of Babylon shall then be the head and guide of the world. That beast of the Apocalypse, to whom is given a mouth speaking blasphemies, and to make war with the saints, is sitting on the throne of Peter, like a lion ready for his prey. He will be the greatest and the last of all Monarchs. He will combat on behalf of the true orthodox faith, and shall subdue to his dominion the Mahometan Empire. But otherwise it signifieth the whole city of the Devil, that is, the universal corps of the reprobate. The Babylon near the Euphrates was not to arise again according to scripture (Jeremiah ). It has been the common opinion among Jews, Gentiles, and Latin and Greek Christians, that the present evil world will last no more than 6,000 years... 676 The Antichrist's deception already begins to take shape in the world every time the claim is made to realize within history that messianic hope which can only be realized beyond history through the eschatological judgment. And while the old Catholic Encyclopedia admits that the idea of millenarianism was abandoned once the Catholic Church had good relations with the Roman Empire, Pope Benedict claims that the reason to teach against millenarianism is that it shows that God has a plan of salvation beyond this age.
The Vatican Council declares: "The Holy Ghost was not promised to the successors of Peter, in order that through His revelation they might manifest new doctrine: but that through His assistance they might religiously guard, and faithfully expound the revelation handed down by the Apostles, or the deposit of the faith" (Conc. The Church therefore is infallible in matters both of faith and morals...(Joyce G. The Church of God acknowledges that the term "Church of God" has been used by itself, or with other descriptive terms, throughout history. Yet the universal mission of the Church revealed itself but gradually. Peter indeed makes mention of it from the first (Acts ). This also goes against prophecies like Revelation 14:4. As a young man, Polycarp had been a personal disciple of John and had observed the Passover with him on several occasions. Officially according to Vatican II, the Roman Catholic Church bases its teachings on what has been called "Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition" (Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation, Dei Verbum #9, Vatican Council II. This granted, it is impossible to be satisfied with the Bible alone for the solution of all dogmatic questions (Bainvel J. In addition to traditions claimed to have come from the apostles, private revelations outside the Bible have also been accepted, but are not required to be believed: Private revelations (i.e. My servants to..things sacrificed to idols" (Revelation ). The doctrine of the apokatastasis is not, indeed, peculiar to St. As a result, most of his works in the original Greek were destroyed... According to a document produced in 2000 by then-Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict XVI), salvation comes through grace. A second judgment is the Great White Throne judgment (Revelation -12) which comes after the millennial reign of Jesus and His saints (Revelation 20:4-6), and then the judgment (perhaps the word sentence may also describe it) of Death and Hades (Revelation -14)... Yet, in the eucharistic ceremonies in the Catholic Church, the bread is not broken. And even if they are not, as will be shown later, some of the practices of consecration with mysterious invocations he was claimed to do were condemned in the second century--even though this is somewhat similar to practices adopted by the Roman and Orthodox Churches. 114) s are familiar with what the Bible teaches, the Church of God still "breaks bread" and did not adopt innovations such as the rounded host or adding the letters IHS. The Roman Catholic Church also allows, and sometimes encourages, its members to vote. Military Participation in Carnal Warfare Leaders of both groups clearly taught against being involved in carnal warfare until the third or fourth centuries. 3rd, after their testimony is ended, and they have been killed and resurrected, it says in verse 14 "the second woe is past," So the time of the ENDING of their "1260 days" prophesying is the time of the second woe, or the war in which Red Russia will be the aggressor. So it is likely the two witnesses will be two men who will come in the power and spirit of Elijah and Moses, or Enoch. Throughout the three-and-a-half years of their prophetic career, they will receive God’s supernatural protection, just as Elijah did many centuries earlier (cf. Their unburied bodies will lie in Jerusalem’s streets for three-and-a-half days, then they will be restored to life and will rise in the air, disappearing into the clouds while their enemies watch in shocked amazement (Revelation –12). As the only Pastor, he shall reunite the Eastern to the Western Church... Through him the East and West shall be in ever lasting concord. "that beast of the Apocalypse, to whom is given a mouth speaking blasphemies, occupies the chair of Peter, as a lion ready for the prey"? Bernard is not speaking of the Pope, but of the Antipope " ( It is now the time for action, because they have destroyed the law. Some of our Teachers say that a King of the Franks will possess the entire Roman Empire. His sword moved by Divine power will most valiantly defend the Church of Jesus Christ. Ambrose name, writeth thus: This...sometime signifieth Rome, specially which at that time when the Apostle wrote this, did persecute the Church of God. It should probably also be mentioned since "Mystery Babylon" of Revelation 17:9 sits on seven hills/mountains, yet the Babylon of Mesopotamia was on a plain, that obviously, this is a changed location from the Babylon of Old Testament times. It is the time when the Seventh Millennium will set in, and will be the day of Sabbath in the plan of creation... 515-516; note the comments within  were from the Catholic writer Birch). It was the leaders in Asia Minor who stood for the Millennium and were the first to oppose Montanism--whom the Roman Catholics originally tolerated (please see section later in this article called Early Heretics; also this is mentioned in the article Location of the Early Church)--hence the belief in one is NOT necessarily related to the other.