By the Middle Ages, turn-shoes had been developed with toggled flaps or drawstrings to tighten the leather around the foot for a better fit.
As Europe gained in wealth and power, fancy shoes became status symbols.
This remains the standard for finer-quality dress shoes today.
Until around 1800, shoes were made without differentiation for the left or right foot. Only gradually did the modern foot-specific shoe become standard.
"A shoe is not only a design, but it's a part of your body language, the way you walk.
"A shoe has so much more to offer than just to walk." - Christian Louboutin. But the shoe carries the woman." - Christian Louboutin.
Leather, which had been the primary material in earlier styles, has remained standard in expensive dress shoes, but athletic shoes often have little or no real leather.
TYPES OF WOMEN'S SHOES: Ballet flats, known in the UK as ballerinas, ballet pumps or skimmers, are shoes with a very low heel and a relatively short vamp, exposing much of the instep.
They are popular for warm-weather wear, and may be seen as more comfortable than shoes with a higher heel.
A SLIPPER or houseshoe is a semi-closed type of indoor/outdoor shoe, consisting of a sole held to the wearer's foot by a strap running over (or between) the toes or instep.
Slippers are soft and lightweight compared to other types of footwear.